History always tells us where we came from.

Church history is no different.

Let us begin.


Please note .c will be noted in the following study.

Circa (from Latin, meaning "around, about"), usually abbreviated c., ca or ca. (also circ. or cca.),

means "approximately" in several European languages including English, usually in reference to a date. 

Circa is widely used in genealogy and historical writing when the dates of events are not

accurately known.


c. 2100 BC

The calling of Abraham.

Abraham is the father of the Jewish Nation.


c. 2000 BC 

The birth of Jacob.

Jacob was later named Israel.

The twelve tribes of Israel are named after Jacob's sons.


c. 1900 BC

Joseph sold into slavery in Egypt.

Israelites eventually become captives in the land; through their sin. (Psalm 105:23-25)


c. 1446 or 1290 BC

The exodus begins, being led by Moses.

The Israelites leave Egypt and eventually settle in Canaan.   


c. 1010 BC

David becomes the King of Israel, making Jerusalem his Capital.


C. 970 BC

David's son Solomon becomes King.

Solomon later builds a temple in Jerusalem; to honour God.


c.  930 BC

Following Solomon's death; the Kingdom is divided into two sections: Northern (Israel)

and Southern (Judah).


753 BC

Traditional date for the founding of Rome.


722 BC

Fall of the Kingdom of Israel; to the Assyrians. 


612 BC

Nineveh; the Assyrian Capital falls to the Babylonians. 


586 BC

Babylonians take Jerusalem and destroy; Solomon's temple.

Jewish nation is taken into captivity; in Babylon (The exile).


c. 538 BC

The return of some of the exiles.

The beginning of the reconstruction of; the temple. 


c. 512 BC

Completion of the temple.


c. 330 BC

Conquest by Alexander The Great. 

Rise of Hellenism (Greek Culture).


c. 250 BC

Work begins to translate the Old Testament from; Hebrew into Greek.

This is known as; The Septuagint or LXX.


63 BC

Romans rule of Israel begins.


c. 4 BC

Birth of Jesus Christ; in Bethlehem.


c. 30 AD

Death of Jesus Christ.


c. 33      

Pentecost and the coming of; The Holy Spirit (Acts 2).

This is known at times; The Birth of The Church. 


c. 33      

Stephen; First Christian Martyr.


c. 48       

Council of Jerusalem (Acts 15).

Gentile Christians accepted alongside; those in the Jewish Nation.


c. 60      

First Gospel published (often thought to be the Gospel of Mark).



Martyrdom of James, "The Lord's Brother."


c. 67-68

Apostles Peter and Paul are martyred, in the reign of the Roman Emperor Nero.



Jewish rebellion against; The Roman Empire ends.

Destruction of the temple; in Jerusalem.


From 70  

Centre of Christianity moves to Antioch, Alexandria and Rome.


c. 90     

Book of Revelation and The Gospel of John written.


161 -180 

Widespread persecution of Christians under; Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius.



Armenia becomes the world's first country to; Officially adopt Christianity as the State Religion.



Roman Emperor Constantine receives a vision of; a flaming cross with the word's,

"In hoc signo vinces": "By this sign conquer."

Defeats rival Maxentius at; The Battle of Milvian Bridge.



Edict of Milan issued; by Constantine.

Christianity becomes a legal religion within; The Roman Empire.



Constantine calls the first ecumenical council; at Nicea.

Arian heresy which declared Christ was a created being; is refuted.

Nicene Creed is drawn up declaring Christ to be; "...begotten, not made;

of one essence with the Father..." 



Saint Athanasius is the first to list all 27 New Testament books; in his festal letter.



Ecumenical Council at Constantinople revises; The Nicene creed to it's current form.


c. 382    

Saint Jerome begins a translation of the Bible; into Latin.



Synod at Carthage ratifies the 27 books of; The New Testament as sacred scripture.



Ecumenical Council held at Ephesus, refutes Nestorianism.

Nestorianism is the doctrine that Christ was two persons; one human, the other divine, in one body.

Mary is declared Theotokos i.e. "God bearer" or more commonly, "Mother of God."



At Ephesus; Pope Leo I declares his, "Tome," defending Orthodox Christian belief.

Leo also asserts Papal supremacy.



Ecumenical Council at Chalcedon affirms; Christ as having two distinct natures;

united in one person. (Known as the "Hypostatic Union.")



Ecumenical Council at Constantinople affirms; teaching of previous councils.



Columba establishes a monastery; at Iona.



Insertion of the filioque (Latin: "and the son") into the Nicene - Constantinopolitan

Creed; at a Council in Toledo.



Following a mission authorized by Pope Gregory I; St. Augustine becomes the

first Archbishop of Canterbury.



Synod of Whitby ratifies the authority of; The Pope in England.


680 - 681 

Ecumenical Council at Constantinople rejects; Monothelite heresy of one will in Christ.



Bede writes his; Ecclesiastical History.



Ecumenical Council at Nicea; ends the controversy over the use of icons in worship.



Charlemagne is crowned Emperor of; The Holy Roman Empire by Pope Leo III.



Conversion of Prince Vladimir in Kiev.

Growth of Christianity in Russia.



Great Schism; Eastern Orthodox and Western Catholic Churches separate.



Pope Urban II authorizes; The first crusade to recover; The Holy Land from Muslims.



Crusades conquer Jerusalem.



Massacre of Latin inhabitants of Constantinople.



Jerusalem recaptured by; a Muslim army led by Saladin.



Third crusade led by; Richard the Lion heart of England.



Sack of; Constantinople during the fourth crusade.



Papal approved of; The Dominican and Franciscan mendicant (begging) orders.



Thomas Aquinas writes his great work of; Systematic Theology: Summa Theologiae.



Papacy moved to Avignon following a dispute with; Philip IV of France.


c. 1341     

Defense of Orthodox spirituality by; Gregory Palamus.

Rise of Hesychasm.


c. 1376     

John Wycliffe writes; "Civil Dominion," arguing for; Reform of the Church.



Following the return of the Papacy to Rome; rival claimant's (Anti Pope's) emerge.

Dispute ends in 1417 with election of; Martin V.


c. 1380     

John Wycliffe translates the Bible into; Middle English.



Constantinople falls to; The Ottoman Turks.



Martin Luther posts his 95 Thesis in; Wittenburg Germany, beginning - The Protestant Reformation.



Diet of Worms; Luther's final breach with; The Catholic Church.



William Tyndale completes his translation of; The Bible into English.



Act of Supremacy passed.

Henry VIII becomes supreme head of; The English Church.



John Calvin publishes his; Institutes of The Christian Religion.



Council of Trent; Roman Catholic Counter Reformation.



Thomas Crammer publishes; The Book of Common Prayer - in England; later revised in 1662.



Peace of Ausburg ends religious wars; in Germany.


Quaker Movement - 1600's:

George Fox



Publication of; The King James Version of The Bible.



Protestant | Catholic conflict in Germany (30 year war.)


Apostolic Movement - 1700's

Edward Irving



"The Great Awakening";  A revival movement among Protestants; in the USA.



John and Charles Wesley converted.

They led an evangelical revival; in England.

They formed; The Methodist Church.


Independent Healing & Deliverance Ministries - 1840's - 1890's:

Ethan Otis Allen

Karl Andreas

Johann C. Blumha

Sarah Ann Freeman Mix (Mrs. Edward Mix)

Mary H. Mossman

Charles Spurgeon

Otto Stockmayer

Dorothea Trudel

Samuel Zeller


Sanctification & Holiness Movements - 1840's - 1880's:

J. Grant Anderson

J.W. Byers

E.E. Byrum

Phoebe Palmer

Maria Woodworth Etter



Dogma of the immaculate conception of Mary; proclaimed by The Roman Catholic Church.


Higher Christian Life & Keswick Conventions - 1870's - 1900's:

William & Mary Boardman

Michael & Elizabeth Baxter

Dr. Charles Cullis

Asa Mahan

Amanda Smith

Otto Stockmayer


Divine Healing, Faith Cure Homes & Evangelism - 1870's - 1920's

Ethan Otis Allen

Karl Andreas

Michael & Elizabeth Baxter

Arthur & Catherine Booth - Clibborn

R. Kelso Carter

Dr. Charles Cullis

John Alexander Dowie

Minnie Tingley Draper

Dora Griffin Dudley

Duncan Sisters

Cyrus B. Fockler

Mary Glaser

A.J. Gordon

John G. Lake

Sarah A. Lindenberger

Kenneth MacKenzie

Asa Mahan

Carrie Judd Montgomery

Mary H. Mossman

Andrew Murray

David Wesley Myland

Lucy Drake Osborn

Charles Parham

William W. Patton

Anna W. Prosse

Martha Wing Robinson

John Salmon

A.B. Simpson  (The Christian & Missionary Alliance Movement | C & MA)

Charlotte W. Sisson

Elizabeth M. Sisson

Jennie Smith

Dr. R.L. Stanton

R.A. Torrey

Dr. Jennie Kid Trout

Rev. Henry B. Wilson (C & MA)

Rev. Henry B. Wilson (Society of The Nazarene)

Dr. Lillian Yeomans

Finis E. Yoakum



First Vatican Council.

Dogma of; Papal infallibility proclaimed.


Penecostal Wave - 1900's:

Alexander & Mary Boddy

Arthur & Catherine Booth Clibborn

F.F. Bosworth

Cyrus B. Fockler

George Jeffreys

Stephen Jeffreys

John G. Lake

Elias Letwaba

Edward Lion

E.W. Kenyon

David Wesly Myland

Charles Parham

William J. Seymour

Smith Wigglesworth

Maria Woodworth Etter

Dr. Lillian Yeomans



Azusa street revival in; Los Angeles.

Beginnings of; The Pentecostal Movement.



World mission conference held in; Edinburgh.



Billy Graham born.

(Billy Graham becomes one of the most prominent evangelists; in Christian history.)


Healing Revivals - 1920's - 1930's:

William Booth Clibborn

B.B. Bosworth

F.F. Bosworth

Dr. Mina Ross Brawner

A.H. Dallimore

Lorne Fox

Velmer Gardner

A.G. Garr

James Moore Hickson

Lam Jeevaratnam

George Jeffreys

Stephen Jeffreys

John G. Lake

Aimee Semple McPherson

Louise Nankivell

P.C. Nelson

Mattie Perry

Charles S. Price

Tahupotki Wiremu Ratana

Raymond T. Richey

Agnes Sanford

Lester Sumrall

A.C. Valdez, Sr.

Smith Wigglesworth

Ethel Willitts

Dr. Lilian Yeomans


Healing & Full Gospel Businessmen's Revivals - 1940's - 1960's:

A.A. Allen

Ern Baxter

Paul Cain

Jack Coe

William Booth Clibborn

F.F. Bosworth

William Branham

Morris Cerullo

Ray Cerullo

R.W. Culpepper

Clifton O. Erickson

Lorne Fox

William Freeman

Velmer Gardner

W.V. Grant, Sr.

Kenneth Hagin, Sr.

Alton Hayes

Tommy Hicks

Earl Ivy

Richard E. Jeffrey

J. Gordon Lindsay

Jack Moore

Louise Nankivell

David Nunn

T.L. Osborn

Oral Roberts

R.W. Schambach

A.C. Valdez, Sr.

A.C. Valdez, Jr.

Richard Vinyard

Ethel Willitts



Formation of; The World Council of Churches.



Dogma of the Assumption of Mary proclaimed by; The Roman Catholic Church.


Charismatic Renewal 1960's - 1980's:

Charles & Francis Hunter

Kathryn Kuhlman

Francis MacNutt

Agnes Sanford



Second Vatican Council.

Major reforms in; The Roman Catholic Church are initiated.

Mutual anathemas of 1054 between; Roman Catholic and Orthodox Churches lifted.


Word of Faith Movement 1970's - 1990's:

Paul & Jan Crouch

Kenneth Hagin, Sr.

Kenneth Hagin, Jr.

Norvel Hayes

Oral Roberts

Pat Robertson

R.W. Schaumbach

Lester Sumrall


Third Wave Movement & Father's Blessing - 1980's - 1990's:

John Arnott

Randy Clark

Francis MacNutt

John Wimber



Death of Mother Teresa of Calcutta; founder of "Missionaries of Charity."



Signing of; The Joint Declaration on Justification - by The Lutheran and Roman Catholic Churches.



Death of Pope John Paul II, who is succeeded by Pope Benedict XVL.



World Methodist Council adopts; The Lutheran | Catholic Joint Declaration on Justification.



Beautification of; Pope John Paul II.



Resignation of Pope Benedict XVL, who is succeeded by Pope Francis.


Enjoy Your Journey

Ann Elizabeth

RealOron Founder & President

Reference: The Holy Bible (King James Version)

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